The height of any individual is dependent on many factors that include genetic factors, race, sex and nutrition. The primary factor that decides how tall will your baby be includes genetic factors. Tall Height is decided by dominant genes of parents. However, to some extent height and weight of the baby depends a lot on the eating habits of the mother. Thirdly it is also dependent on the stress the mother faces due to her professional and personal life. It’s also known that habits such as Smoking and drinking of a pregnant lady retard the growth of the baby, thus affecting his height. After birth, twenty to forty percent of growth and height of a child is dependent upon the nutritional factors. Children growth on balanced diet and rich sources of protein grow faster and better as compare to those who are malnourished.
The genetic theory can be explained by designating letter T for dominant gene representing height of any individual. The recessive gene for height is represented by letter t. Height is represented by dominant genes. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, in which 23 chromosomes come from father and 23 chromosomes are from the mother. Thus the genome deciding a tall baby will be either TT or Tt. The genome of a dwarf baby will be tt. It is not strange if the tall parents have dwarf children because presence of dominant T Genes is important for a tall baby. If one parent is having Tt genome and other is having Tt genome then the four possible genetic representations of prospective progeny can be TT, Tt, Tt and tt.Thus the first three genomes will have tall babies and the fourth genome will have dwarf babies. In a similar manner the genomes of prospective babies can be known by different genetic combinations of the parents.
Different races and social groups are known to have different heights. The Egyptians and Greeks were relatively dwarfed in comparison to modern Europeans and North American community. The sex of baby also decides the height of any individual in the childhood as females are shorter than males. However how tall will your baby be depends on sex of child because height is affected by growth hormones as the child reaches adolescence. Girls of same age grow faster than boys because they attain puberty earlier by the age of 11 to 12 years. Boys however attain puberty at the age of 13 to 14 years. An individual grows maximum and fastest as an infant in the first year of his life. It is good for children to get good and long sleep because growth hormones are usually released during sleep. Dutch people are among the tallest individuals on the planet while shortest people in the world are from Bolivia, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines.
How tall will your baby be can be estimated by averaging the height of the parents and adding five inches if the child is a boy and subtracting five inches if the child is a girl. Researchers claim that taller individuals have lesser risk of cardiovascular diseases. However it is said that tall height people have increased risk of cancer, however this risk is not so significant. Taller kids develop self-esteem and confidence to participate in all walks of life coming up in studies and games. The tall height individuals grow with immense confidence in anything they do and turn out to be good speakers as they are good social performers and achievers.
Before birth, mothers are often worried for the fact that what will the colour and features of the newborn. But as the child grows they are always worried about the fact that their baby grows as per the standards. Those who enjoy tall heights walk on the ramps with full pride and confidence. However success in life has less to do with tall heights and there are instances where history has seen successful individuals who are short. Intellectuals in fields of literature and science were short creative people and history includes names of Alexander Pope, Buckminster Fuller, Einstein, Faulkner, John Keats, Madam Curie, McClintock, Michelson, Millikan, Steinmetz and Tennessee Williams in the list. Adding to the list are Juan Miro, Michelangelo,Picasso, Salvador Dali, Thomas Benton and William Hogarth as short heighted renowned artist. Successful but short musicians include Beethoven, Mahler, Mozart, and Stravinsky. Larger numbers of achievers in different walks of life were shorter than 5 feet and 3inches. Today it is seen that ice skaters, gymnasts, divers and marathon runners are shorter in comparison to standard heights of the current era. Other sports like long distance races, wrestling and weight lifting also have names of successful players in their record dairy. So mom need not worry much as to height of there child.